Thiruchendur Murugan temple

Tiruchendur, a tiny but beautiful coastal town located in the Thoothukudi district in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The Thiruchendur Murugan Temple attracts millions of devotees every year who come to pay respect to the in-house deity of Lord Murugan.

The temple’s history is rooted in the story of Lord Murugan’s ultimate battle, which is widely believed by many as the purpose of his birth. It is one of the only few temples in India which houses various avatars of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva within the same boundary.

The shrine at Thiruchendur was built as a symbol to mark the victory of Lord Murugan over the demon king Surapadman after a long vicious battle. As the legend says, after Lord Murugan finished Surapadman, he wanted to thank his father Shiva, for which he summoned the divine architect Mayan and the shrine was laid.

Story Behind the Temple

Surapadman, the demon king, reigned over Veera Mahendrapuri, an island fortress. Lord Shiva granted him many boons as the Lord was impressed by Surapadman’s immense devotion and loyalty. Surapadman became more and more powerful with time, and with the immortality he possessed, it wasn’t much longer for his arrogance to take over. He rebelled and successfully captured all the three worlds—Heaven, earth, and hell. He made the Devas, the heavenly immortals to do menial tasks. The Devas fed up and unable to bear his torture and complained to Lord Shiva. As Lord Shiva’s third eye opened to create six sparks of fire emanated and gave rise to six babies. As the babies were clasped by Goddess Uma, they joined together, which gave birth to Lord Murugan, a god with six faces and twelve arms who was crafted to fulfill one purpose, get Surapadman’s head. An intense battle ensued, which was fought for a few days after Surapadman denied to release the devas. This resulted in Surapadman’s demise and the birth of Murugan’s signature vahana, the peacock. Lord Muruga desired to worship his father, Lord Shiva. Hence Mayan, the divine architect, constructed this shrine at Tiruchendur. Even now, Lord Subramaniyan is seen in the posture of worshiping Lord Shiva in the sanctum sanctorum. The Temple is said to be two thousand years old and has overcome the adversities of time.

The Temple was captured by the Dutch East India company between the years 1646 to 1648, on course of their war with the Portuguese. The Dutch finally agreed to vacate the Temple on orders from the Naik ruler but not before they looted away the idols and took them along to Galle, Dutch Ceylon. The idols were finally returned after many negotiations with the ruler. This incident has many stories associated with it, to which even science doesn’t offer any explanation.

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The Ancient Architecture

The beauty of The Thiruchendur Murugan Temple is mesmerizing. Avast mandapam adorns the entrance of the main temple, which has 124 pillars. The principal gate of the temple faces the south and opens into the first temple prakaram. It is SiviliMandapam. The foremost western Gopuram stands on the outer side of this doorway. A humongous entrance tower, measuring up to 140 feet! Clearly justifies the temple being among the largest temple complexes in South India, There are nine Kalasams (sacred copper pots) atop the Gopuram to indicate that the Gopuram consists of 9 storeys. Welcoming the devotees stands a giant idol of Lord Ganesha. The shrine of Venkatesh depicts the twelve Alwars, Gajalakshmi, Pallikonda Ranganathar, Sridevi, Bhudevi, and Neeladevi.


Like most of the ancient structures in India that have a string of seemingly unbelievable tales and miracles attached to them, the Thiruchendur temple, too has its share of unexplainable events that make it a legend.

The Dutch curse

One such story goes back to the time when the desire for power and greed lured the Europeans across the Asian subcontinent. Most of their conquests were in vogue. Ancient India was touted as The World’s Golden Bird with trade network spreading as far as Egypt and Greece.

Hence most conquests were flagged off with the sole intention of greed-driven plundering.
When a group of Dutch mercenaries stumbled upon the temple in Thiruchendur in 17th century AD, they wreaked havoc looting everything in sight. Even taking along the idol of Murugan, which they foolishly assumed to be entirely made of gold.

But fate had something other in store for them.
Having crossed only a few nautical miles, they fell prey to a storm so daunting that the sailors began to believe that it was the wrath of the Lord Murugan from the temple they had looted, which must have triggered the thunderstorm. Frightened out of their minds, they heaved the idol into the ocean.

According to the locals, the ominous demeanor that had set on the skies had only a second ago mysteriously vanished the moment the tip of the statue touched the surface, much to the soldiers’ relief. As the mercenaries began to move forward with their journey, the idol sank into the depths of the ocean.

It is said Murugan urged one of the priests who performed the sacerdotal duties in the shrine in his dream to bring back the idol from the clutches of the ocean.

The priest and his accomplices finally managed to retrieve the idol following Murugan’s instructions.

Another incident that is sure to give goosebumps to anyone who’s hearing. It is not a thing of a past, but quite a recent one.

The 2004 Tsunami

The Thiruchendur temple once again scripted its name in the annals of history for guarding devotees against the onslaught of the lethal The 2004 deadly Tsunami that washed away the shores of the Indian subcontinent did not manage to do any harm or damage to the temple or its devotees. Even today, the incident continues to baffle even the best of skeptics, while believers hail Murugan for being the sole guardian of not just his abode but his devotees as well.

Experiences shared by one of the devotees-

I would like to share my personal experience with Lord Murugan. I had wanted to offer my hair to the Lord of Tiruchendur since my childhood, and the opportunity came in March 2003 when I, along with my parents, went, and I made the offering to the Lord.

My father, who is 70 years old, had been suffering from severe psoriasis for the past three years. He was taking allopathic treatment, and this was to no avail, instead of resulting in only monetary loss. My father never evinced interest in God and never used to go to temples. Both his hands, right from his elbow to the wrist, were covered with a thick layer of the wound like skin formations and eruptions. He always used to wear a full-sleeved shirt in order to avoid embarrassing looks from others.

I am basically from Nagerkoil town (Kanya Kumari district, Tamilnadu state). After having visited my native village, we went to Tiruchendur on 19th March 2003 and offered our prayers to the almighty. I made the hair offering on the 20th the next day. I tonsured my head early in the morning before 6 a.m. and took a bath in the sea.

Later my parents and I went to the temple premises, which was heavily crowded as the previous day was Panguni Uttiram day of Lord Muruga. We went around the temple and finally entered the sannidhi of the Lord. The priests gave us a hand full of vibhuti (holy ash), which we promptly smeared on our bodies. My mother and I advised the father to smear it on the affected parts of the skin, and my father obliged. We returned back to Hyderabad on 26th March. My father did not apply any medicine to the skin in the meantime.

Believe me, I swear, on 30th March, lo and behold! I was surprised to see the hands of my father were smooth and without any infection. Even my mother could not believe her eyes when she saw this. My father’s disease has vanished into thin air. The affected part now looks as normal as any other part of the skin.

Since then, my father started reciting mantras, especially the all-powerful Skanda Shashti Kavacam, and is now a devoted Murugan bhakta. I would like everyone to share my experience and also build credence in the all-powerful Murugan.

Ravi Shankar

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